truncus


truncus
1.
truncus, a, um, adj [root tark-, truc-, to break, tear; cf. torqueo], maimed, mutilated, mangled, dismembered, disfigured, deprived of some of its parts (mostly poet. and perh. not ante-Aug.; syn.: mutilus, mancus).
I.
Lit.:

trunca manu pinus regit (Polyphemum),

i. e. the trunk of a pinetree, Verg. A. 3, 659:

trunca illa et retorrida manus Mucii,

Sen. Ep. 66, 51:

nemora,

i. e. trees stripped of their branches, Stat. Th. 4, 455:

truncas mhonesto vulnere nares,

Verg. A. 6, 497:

vultus naribus auribusque,

Mart. 2, 83, 3:

frons,

deprived of its horn, Ov. M. 9, 1; 9, 86; Sil. 3, 42:

frontem lumina truncam,

deprived of its eyes, id. 9, 400:

bracchia non habuit, truncoque repandus in undas Corpore desiluit,

deprived of its limbs, Ov. M. 3, 680; cf. Just. 2, 9, 19:

puerum trunci corporis in agro Romano natum,

Liv. 41, 9, 5:

varie ex integris truncos gigni, ex truncis integros,

Plin. 7, 11, 10, § 50:

tela,

i.e. broken in pieces, Verg. A. 11, 9; cf.:

trunci enses et fractae hastae,

Stat. Th. 2, 711:

truncum lignum, i. e. hasta fracta,

Val. Fl. 6, 251: membra carmae, Ov M. 11, 560; cf.

alnus,

without oars, Val. Fl. 2, 300:

truncae atque mutilae litterae,

Gell. 17, 9, 12:

exta,

Val. Max. 1, 6, 9.—
(β).
Poet., with gen.:

animalia trunca pedum,

without feet, Verg. G. 4, 310: truncus capitis, Sil 10, 311.—
B.
Transf.
1.
Of things, not developed, imperfect, or wanting in their parts:

quaedam imperfecta (animalia) suisque Trunca vident numeris,

Ov. M. 1, 428:

ranae pedibus,

id. ib. 15, 376:

ipse (nanus) jactabat truncas manus,

Prop. 4 (5), 8, 42—
2.
Of members cut off:

bracchia,

Val. Fl. 4, 181:

manus,

Sen. Contr 1, 4.—
II.
Trop., maimed, mutilated:

(Capua) urbs trunca, sine senatu, sine plebe, sine magistratibus,

Liv. 31, 29, 11:

pecus,

without a leader, Stat. Th. 5, 333:

manus vero, sine quibus trunca esset actio ac debilis, vix dici potest, quot motus habeant,

Quint. 11, 3, 85:

trunca et debilis medicina (sine rerum naturae cognitione), Cels. praef.: sermo (volucrum),

Stat. Th. 12, 478:

trunca quaedam ex Menandro,

fragments, Gell. 2, 23, 21.—Hence, subst.:
2.
truncus, i, m., the stem, stock, bole, or trunk of a tree (without regard to its branches).
I.
Lit.:

cibus... Per truncos ac per ramos diffunditur omnes,

Lucr. 1, 353:

quid? in arboribus, in quibus non truncus, non rami, non folia sunt denique, nisi, etc.,

Cic. de Or. 3, 46, 179; cf. id. Sen. 15, 52; id. N. D. 2, 47, 120; id. Lael. 13, 48; Caes. B. G. 4, 17; 7, 73, Verg. G. 2, 78; 3, 233; Hor S. 1, 8, 1; id. C. 2, 17, 27; 3, 4, 55; Ov. M. 2, 358; 8, 346; id. H. 9, 93; Col. Arb. 17, 1; Sen. Ep. 86, 17.—
B.
Transf.
1.
Of the human body, the trunk, the body, apart from the limbs:

status erectus et celsus, nullā mollitiā cervicum: trunco magis toto se ipse moderans,

Cic. Or. 18, 59:

nemo illum ex trunco corporis spectabat,

id. Rosc. Com. 10, 28:

recto pugnat se attollere trunco,

Ov. M. 2, 822; cf. id. ib. 7, 640:

et caput abscisum calido viventeque trunco,

Lucr. 3, 654: jacet litore truncus. Verg. A. 2, 557.—
2.
Of a column.
(α).
The shaft, Vitr. 4, 1 med.
(β).
The cubical trunk of a pedestal, the die or dado, Vitr. 3, 3; cf. Plin. 16, 40, 76, § 201.—
3.
A piece cut off, as a branch of a tree for an our:

frondentes,

Val. Fl. 8, 287;

a piece of flesh for smoking (cf. trunculus),

Verg. M. 57.—
4.
Like caudex, stipes, and the Engl. stock, for blockhead, dunce, dolt:

quī potest esse in ejusmodi trunco sapientia?

Cic. N. D. 1, 30, 84:

tamquam truncus atque stipes,

id. Pis. 9, 19. —
* II.
Trop., a trunk, stem:

quae (stirpes aegritudinis) ipso trunco everso omnes eligendae (elidendae, Kühn.) sunt,

Cic. Tusc. 3, 34, 83.

Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary, 1879. - Revised, Enlarged, and in Great Part Rewritten. . 2011.

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